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Argentina, officially known as the Argentine Republic, is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one.
- Capital: Buenos Aires
- Population: 43,417,000 people
- Total area: 2,780,400 sq. km
- Currency: Peso (ARS)
- The name Argentina comes from the Latin word for silver (argentum).
- Spanish is the official language of Argentina, but many other languages are spoken as well.
- Argentina borders Chile, Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
- Argentina is divided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city.
- It takes up almost the entire southern half of South America.
- The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region.
- Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, as well as the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the latter of which are still disputed between Argentina and the United Kingdom to this day.
- Languages spoken: Spanish, English, Arabic, Italian and German.
- Argentina is considered a middle power in international affairs, and is a prominent regional power in Latin America.
- Argentina has the second-largest economy in South America, and is a member of many organizations, including the G-15, the United Nations, the World Bank, WTO, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, and many more.
- Argentina has the second highest Human Development Index rating in Latin America, with a rating of “very high”.
History Of Argentina:
- In 1516 the Spanish arrived and ruled in Argentina for 300 years.
- Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires, which was abandoned shortly after its foundation. In subsequent years, Buenos Aires fought off two British invasions in 1806 and 1807.
- In 1806 the British attacked the territory of the Falkland Islands, which led to the loosening of Spain’s power over Argentina.
- in 1810, Napoleon and his forces conquered the major cities in Spain, and the Argentinian people gained independence in 1816.
- Argentina stayed neutral during the Second World War, which was supported by the British and rejected by the United States.
- Juan Peron became president of Argentina in 1946 due to his popularity with the working class. His wife Eva formed a foundation which gave out cash and special benefits for the poor. She was a symbol of hope to poor people in the country.
- After he left office, people still continued to fight for political power. After many violent years, Peron was re-elected. He had a new wife by this time, as Eva died from cancer in 1952.
- Peron’s wife Isabel became vice-president, and when Juan died, she took charge and soon the country’s economy fell apart.
- In 1976, the military took control. The period of violence was called the “dirty war”, and unfortunately, more than 20,000 revolutionaries were killed.
- In 1994 an amendment was made to include the ballotage system, which means that a candidate must win 45% of the vote, or 40% of the vote and a difference of 10% with the runner-up in order to obtain a first-round election victory.
- On November 22, 2015, Mauricio Macri won the first ballotage in Argentina’s history, and became the president-elect. He introduced austerity measures and took office on December 10 that same year.
Geography of Argentina
- Argentina is bordered by the Andes Mountains and Chile to the west, and is surrounded by both the South Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
- The country is divided into four regions: The Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia.
- The Patagonia is a large plateau and it is arid and rocky in some places. In the south there are grasslands, and in the west there are dense subantarctic forests.
- Northeast Argentina has rainforests and is home to the Iguazu Falls.
- There is a wide variety of animal species in Argentina, including elephant seals, penguins, sea lions, sharks orcas, dolphins, cougar, jaguar, flamingos, pumas, toucans, and turtles, among many more.
- Unfortunately, Argentina is affected by deforestation and pollution.
- The climate in Argentina is generally temperate, although there is a lot of diversity, from subtropical in the north to subpolar in the far south, nearing Antarctica.
Culture and Economy of Argentina
- People are well-educated in Argentina, and the country has a 97% literacy rate.
- Soccer is the favorite sport in Argentina, as well as Pato (a mix of polo and basketball), basketball, rugby, and golf.
- The Latin dance and music called the Tango began in Buenos Aires.
- There are over 30 national parks in Argentina.
- Argentina is known for sheep herding, oil, mining, and agriculture, as well as revenue from tourism.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Australia Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Argentina, officially known as the Argentine Republic, which is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Argentina Facts.
- Holiday to Argentina.
- Argentina Acrostic.
- Peron Biography.
- Geography of Argentina.
- Argentina Wordsearch.
- The Flag of Argentina.
- Sketch the Tango.
- Newspaper Article.
- Argentina Crossword.
- The Legacy Che Guevara.
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